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Contents of the Monologues

A1 · Beginner

Functions/notions

Understanding and using numbers
Understanding and using prices
Telling the time
Directions
Greetings
Giving personal information
Describing habits and routines

Discourse Functions

Checking understanding

Discourse Markers

Transition words
Connecting words (and, but, because)

Simple Verb Forms

To be, including questions and negatives
Imperatives

Questions

Question forms

Present

Present simple
Present continuous

Past

Past simple
Past simple (to be)

Future

Going to
Future time with will and going to

Present Perfect

Basic use of the present perfect

Gerund and Infinitive

I'd like
Verb + -ing, like/hate/love

Modals

Pre-teach modals
Can/can't (Ability)
Can/could (Functional)

Nouns

Countable and uncountable (how much/many and very common countable and uncountable nouns)
There is/there are

Pronouns

Simple personal pronouns

Possessives

Possessive adjectives
Possessive ‘s and s’
Possessive pronouns

Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases

Common prepositions
Prepositional phrases (time and movement)

Articles

Definite, indefinite

Determiners

Basic determiners (e.g. any, some, a lot of)

Adjectives

Common adjectives
Demonstrative adjectives
Comparative and superlative

Adverbs

Adverbs of frequency
Simple adverbs of place, manner and time

Intensifiers

Very basic intensifiers (very, really)

Lexis

Nationalities and countries
Personal information
Food and drink
Things in town, shops and shopping
Basic verbs

Topics

Family life
Hobbies
Vacations and holidays
Work and jobs
Shopping
Leisure activities

Lexis

Informal and slang

A2 · Elementary

Miscellaneous

Miscellaneous

Functions/notions

Understanding and using numbers (Ordinals)
Understanding and using prices
Telling the time (Dates)
Telling the time (Setting a date)
Greetings
Giving personal information
Describing habits and routines
Describing people
Describing things
Requests
Suggestions
Advice
Invitations
Offers
Arrangements to meet people using -ing
Obligations and necessity
Describing places
Describing past experiences and storytelling

Discourse Functions

Checking understanding

Discourse Markers

Linkers (sequential, past time)

Simple Verb Forms

Imperatives

Questions

Question forms
Wh-questions in the past

Present

Present simple
Present continuous

Past

Past simple (to be)
Past simple (regular verbs)
Past simple (irregular verbs)
Past continuous
Used to

Future

Going to
Present continuous for the future (arrangements)
Future time with will and going to

Present Perfect

Basic use of the present perfect

Gerund and Infinitive

Gerunds and verb + -ing or infinitive, like/want/would like
To + infinitive to express a purpose
Verb + to + infinitive

Conditionals

Zero and first conditional

Phrasal Verbs

Pre-teach or review the particles, using the verb to be as an example
Common phrasal verbs

Modals

Can/could (Functional)
Might, may
Possibly, probably, perhaps
Must and must not
Have to
Should

Nouns

Countable and uncountable (More practice with much and many)

Pronouns

Advanced personal pronouns

Possessives

Possessive ‘s and s’
Possessive pronouns

Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases

Prepositions of time (on/at/in)
Prepositional phrases (place, time and movement)

Articles

Zero article with uncountable nouns
With countable and uncountable nouns

Determiners

Basic determiners (e.g. any, some, a lot of)
Wider range (e.g. all, none, not (any), enough, (a) few)

Adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives
Ending in -ed and -ing
Comparative (use of than)
Superlative and use of the definite article

Adverbs

Adverbs of frequency
Simple adverbs of place, manner and time

Intensifiers

Very basic intensifiers
Basic intensifiers (quite, so, a bit)

Lexis

General A2 vocabulary
Food and drink
Things in town, shops and shopping
Travel and services vocabulary
Objects and rooms
Adjectives about personality, description, feelings

Topics

Hobbies
Vacations and holidays
Work and jobs
Shopping
Leisure activities
Education

Tricky Words and Expressions

Common errors (French) people make
Tongue twisters

Topics

Health

B1 · Intermediate

Miscellaneous

Missing lemmas

Functions/notions

Describing places
Describing past experiences and storytelling
Describing feelings, emotions, attitudes
Expressing opinions
Expressing agreement/disagreement
Talking about films and books

Discourse Functions

Initiating and closing conversation
Checking understanding
Managing interaction (interrupting, changing topic, resuming or continuing)

Discourse Markers

Linkers (sequential, past time)
Connecting words expressing cause and effect, contrast, etc.
Markers to structure informal spoken discourse

Questions

Wh-questions in the past
Complex question tags

Past

Past simple
Past simple (irregular verbs)
Past continuous
Used to
would expressing habit in the past
Past perfect

Future

Future time with will or going to (Prediction)
Future continuous

Present Perfect

Basic use of the present perfect
Present perfect vs. Present (simple or continuous)
Present perfect vs. Past simple
Present perfect continuous
More present perfect examples

Conditionals

Zero and first conditional
Second and third conditional

Phrasal Verbs

Common phrasal verbs
Advanced phrasal verbs (Extended/splitting, B1 verbs)

Passives

Simple passive

Other Verb Forms

Reported speech (range of tenses)

Modals

Might, may, will, probably
Must/can't (Deduction)
Must/have to
Should (Deductive/Suppositive)
Ought to
Need to
Should have, might have, etc.

Possessives

Possessive pronouns

Articles

With countable and uncountable nouns

Determiners

Broad range (e.g. all the, most, both)

Adjectives

Collocation of adjectives

Adverbs

Adverbial phrases of time, place and frequency including word order
Adjectives and adverbs (contrasting adjectives and adverbs)
Adverbial phrases of degree/extent, probability
Comparative and superlative form of adverbs

Intensifiers

Broader range of intensifiers (too, so, enough, etc.)
Wide range (extremely, much too, etc.)

Lexis

General B1 vocabulary
Things in town, shops and shopping
Travel and services vocabulary
Contrasting opinions (on the one hand…)
Collocations
Colloquial language

Topics

Hobbies
Work and jobs
Leisure activities
Education
Films
Books and literature
News, lifestyles and current affairs
Media
Health

B2 · Upper Intermediate

Functions/notions

Describing past experiences and storytelling
Describing feelings and emotions
Describing hopes and plans
Giving precise information
Expressing abstract ideas
Expressing certainty, probability, doubt
Generalizing and qualifying
Synthesizing, evaluating, glossing information
Speculating
Expressing opinions
Expressing agreement/disagreement
Expressing reaction, e.g. indifference
Critiquing and reviewing
Developing an argument

Discourse Functions

Checking understanding
Managing interaction (interrupting, changing topic, resuming or continuing)
Taking the lead in an interaction
Encouraging and inviting another speaker to continue, come in.
Interacting informally, reacting, expressing interest, sympathy, surprise

Discourse Markers

Linkers (sequential, past time)
Connecting words expressing cause and effect, contrast, etc.

Past

Past simple (Narrative)
Past continuous (Narrative)
Used to (Narrative)
would expressing habit in the past
Past perfect
Past perfect continuous

Future

Future time with will and going to (Prediction)
Future continuous (Prediction)
Future perfect
Future perfect continuous

Present Perfect

Present perfect continuous

Conditionals

Mixed conditionals
Wish

Phrasal Verbs

Advanced phrasal verbs (B2 verbs, double prepositions)

Passives

All passive forms

Other Verb Forms

Reported speech (range of tenses)
Relative clauses

Modals

Should
Modals of deduction and speculation
Can't have, needn't have

Articles

With abstract nouns***

Adverbs

Adjectives and adverbs (contrasting adjectives and adverbs, adjectives used as intensifiers)
Attitudinal adverbs

Intensifiers

Collocation of intensifiers

Lexis

General B2 vocabulary
Contrasting opinions (on the one hand…)
Summarizing exponents (briefly, all in all…)
Collocations
Colloquial language

Topics

Education
Films
Books and literature
News, lifestyles and current affairs
Media
Arts
Health
Sex

C1 · Advanced

Functions/notions

Understanding and using prices
Expressing attitudes and feelings precisely***
Expressing certainty, probability, doubt
Synthesizing, evaluating, glossing information
Speculating and hypothesizing about causes, consequences, etc.
Expressing opinions tentatively, hedging
Expressing shades of opinion and certainty
Expressing reaction, e.g. indifference
Critiquing and reviewing

Discourse Markers

Markers to structure and signpost informal speech and writing
Markers to structure and signpost formal speech and writing, especially logical markers

Past

All the narrative past tenses together
Past simple (Narrative)
Past continuous (Narrative)
Used to (Narrative)
would expressing habit in the past (Narrative)
Past perfect (Narrative)
Past perfect continuous (Narrative)

Future

Future in the past
Future time with will and going to (Prediction)
Future continuous (Prediction)
Future perfect
Future perfect continuous

Conditionals

Irrealis
Mixed conditionals
Regrets (wish, if only)

Phrasal Verbs

Advanced phrasal verbs (Extended/splitting, C1 verbs)

Passives

All passive forms

Modals

Modals of deduction and speculation
Can't have, needn't have

Adjectives

Various adjectives
Compound adjectives

Intensifiers

Collocation of intensifiers and downtoners

Lexis

General C1 vocabulary
Travel and services vocabulary
Colloquial language
Approximating (vague language)
Differentiated use of vocabulary

Topics

Work and jobs
Books and literature
News and current affairs
Media
Arts
Science and technology
Technical and legal language
Health
Sex
Money
Food
Lifestyle
Language

C1+ · Advanced 2

Miscellaneous

Missing lemmas

Functions/notions

Understanding and using numbers (Mathematics)
Developing an argument systematically
Conceding a point
Emphasizing a point, feeling, issue
Defending a point of view persuasively
Responding to counterarguments

Passives

All passive forms***

Phrasal Verbs

Advanced phrasal verbs (Extended/splitting)

Adjectives

Compound adjectives

Adverbs

Inversion (negative adverbials)

Lexis

General C1+ vocabulary

Lexis

Formal and informal registers
Idiomatic expressions
Proverbs
Future in the past***

Outro

The end
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